There has been an explosion of water treatment technology in the marketplace today. However, some of the basics of treating water have remained the same. These are none other than boiling water and treating water with chlorine which is probably the most basic and the oldest water treatment procedure that is still used today.
For domestic use
Much of the water that is consumed by many households runs through some very old pipes which are vulnerable to the attack of certain bacteria and microbial organisms. The water has to undergo chlorine water treatment in order to kill these bacteria before it gets to the drinking glasses of Americans. Local water districts have been paying very much attention about keeping their water supply free from harmful contaminants.
Chlorine water treatment is one of the oldest procedures ever used and yields fast results as the treated water can be tested immediately after the chlorine water treatment is finished. Chlorine is used to reduce the amount of iron content in the water. Iron is usually found in water that comes from deep wells. The water has a reddish color and smells like rust. Water that has iron in it will probably cause rust stains in fabrics. The water may have a strong odor and the taste can be affected as well. In order to prevent the bad taste and strong older, chlorine water treatment is necessary.
With the use of chlorine, iron deposits are removed from the water as well as the presence of iron bacteria. The iron bacteria not only cause a buildup of slime, but this helps to clog up water pipes. Again, the chemical that can remove these bacteria is chlorine. Also, water softeners remove harsh calcium. When these chemicals are excessive, it is no longer healthy to our body. Thus, with the help of such system we are able to balance everything.
For commercial use
Look at the swimming pools of some of the famous water parks and hotels. Although the water is enticing, this water is a rich source of bacteria and other contaminants. The water is very inviting because anyone can just dive in and swim. However, would you like to dive into a sea of bacteria?
There are many harmful substances that can be found in swimming pools, and these may cause skin irritations as well as disease. E. coli may be present as well, and this can cause a more serious health problem. It becomes necessary to sanitize the pools each day and not have to worry about changing the water. The water in a swimming pool can take a great deal of time before it is all drained out. This is where chlorine comes in. It disinfects and cleans the water from harmful bacteria so it can be safe once more to swim and dive.
Water treatment does not have to be very expensive or high tech in order to be effective. Something just like chlorine can do the job just as well. It has been found to be safe and is very effective in helping to keep the water safe for people to use.